Starting to Draw? PART 1: Four Things you Need


Hello my name is Paul Priestley welcome
to art tutorials online. Today’s video is looking at drawing and
sketching for absolute beginners. We’re starting from scratch and there are four
things that we’re going to be looking at. Four things you need to understand and
to do if you’re going to start drawing. The first thing that you need, the most
important of all, is one of these. Yes not just a head. But a brain and a brain that
thinks positively, don’t start thinking I can’t draw. I can’t do this, it’s too
difficult, you’re never going to get anywhere. You’ve got to think positively.
If you want to see how to think positive in relation to drawing then, have a look
at my video and it will get you started. The second thing that you need is this,
paper. You need paper. I’m using a hundred-pound
smooth heavyweight cartridge paper which is great to draw on, but if you haven’t
got that you might buy yourself a small sketchbook. This sketchbooks got much
smoother paper in it, or you might even simply use printer paper. If you can’t
find anything else there is nothing wrong with it. My grandson even made me a sketchbook by
sticking these sheets of paper together. You could use brown paper. This is
ordinary parcel wrapping paper and if needs be you could even use the back of
an envelope. The point is the paper is not that important, what’s important is
what you draw. The next thing, the third thing you need is a hand. Yes, a hand. Yet,
it could be a right hand. It could be a left hand, it doesn’t really matter. The
most important thing is that you’ve got to be able to move it about. What you
don’t want to do is stick that bit onto the paper and then you’re very
restricted in what you can do. So we’ll get rid of the pencil. We move the arm,
practice moving the arm. Twist it round a little bit,
imagine the pencil on there. Moving your whole arm as well as the wrist on the
hand you see how it works. You can produce some wonderful lines
that’s what it’s all about. The fourth thing you need is obviously pencils. This
is simply a pencil which has been sharpened with a standard sharpener so
it’s got a very short sharp tip to it. But this pencil has been sharpened with
a knife and you can see it’s got a much longer tip and a little bit more
flexibility when you come to shading. So try and sharpen with a knife. It’s useful
To have an eraser try not use the eraser every five minutes. It’s not good. Get rid
of it,you don’t need it. So throw it away. That’s it we don’t need the eraser. Now
let’s make a start. Don’t draw with the pencil right down by your fingertips. Try
to have the pencil a little bit lower down, so you’ve got some flexibility with
your arm. Now I’m just going to draw some simple lines, notice how my fingers are
stretching, my hands moving, if I turn pencil round and use the side
of the pencil and twist it notice now I get a much more interesting line. I don’t
get a simple boring line that you get all the time and that’s because I’m
flexing my hand and moving the pencil round in my fingers. It gives a much greater
effect, do you see the idea? if I want to draw straight lines I simply keep my
wrist straight and pull my arm down. Llook at that you see. Perfectly straight lines,
it’s not a problem. If I want curved lines I use my wrist. You see I’ve got a
built-in compass into my wrist. Brilliant. You see the idea? If I stretch my pencil
I can draw bigger curves. I can even do circles, you see again I’m moving my wrist
and elbow together and it produces a circle. It’s not a perfect circle, but
it’s my circle. That’s brilliant. I can also scribble, you see and here I
can produce interesting texture by scribbling on top of each other. The more
you scribble, the darker the tone, so you’re creating different types of tone. Brilliant. Now if I was to draw some very simple blocks, here we’ll use different
types of line, different types of mark that you can use here. I’m simply using
hatching, simple lines. You see you’re going straight across you see very very
simple, but it gives an effective shadow. If I do the same thing again but
just do something slightly different. This time, you see here I’m now going to
change the way I’m holding my pencil and use the side of the pencil. This works
better if you’ve sharpened the pencil with the knife. I’m going to produce
softer shading because I don’t get the linear effect, because I’m using the side
of the pencil. That makes it look more interesting. You see the idea more
of a block of shading. Now we do the same thing again. This time we’re going to use a
slightly different technique. Here look you see I’m going to use cross hatching.
Which is simply hatching and then going across it and you can produce darker
tones. You see simple, but the marks that you make are the interesting things.
It’s the marks that make the drawing interesting. That’s what we’re looking
for now. In this one, I’m going to twist the pencil as I’m working. I’m going to hold the
pencil looser and you see I get a much looser, less defined sort of line.
Here and I’m just going to do lines going up and down. I’m just moving my
hand up and down, you see ,and it gives a much more individual response to the
line. It makes the drawing look much more interesting. A more individual response.
Just do a little bit of cross hatching. On top here I’m going to scribble the shape. Here look at this I’m using nice neat lines. I’m just scribbling it, but look at
the interest that it creates. You see how the actual drawing now looks so much
more interesting. We don’t want photographic drawings all
the time, because they look like everybody else’s drawings. If you’re an
artist you’ve got to be an individual. Now if I use hatching on this circle
here and then cross hatching and then keep hatching on top and you see how
can build up layers of tone. You see, just by cross-hatching. Brilliant. We are working very simply you see, but keep it loose. Keep it free. Keep
your hand moving. Look at my lines here. You see I’m just rolling my pencil along,
you see rolling it between my fingers and it produces a much more interesting
line than simply holding the pencil tight and dragging. If you look at this line
here you see all these lines perfectly smooth, perfectly fine. I’m just using my
pencil without twisting it, this time and it produces a much more interesting
effect. Quite different from the other lines. Now I’m going to twist
and vary the pressure as I’m dragging the pencil
notice how the line becomes more interesting more individual. This is what
you’re trying to aim to do if you’re going to draw. You want to become an
individual. So the marks that you make with a pencil have got to be
individual. You see here just using a dragged effect gives a different texture. So
what you need to do is to practice these ideas and see what you can do. See if you
can come up with some different ways of making marks with a pencil. Because
that’s how you’re going to produce individual drawings. And that’s what you
want, to be an artist. You need to practice these techniques because in the
next video I’m going to bring all of these ideas together, and show you how to
produce your first sketch. Thank you for watching. I hope you’ve enjoyed the video.
if you have, please give it a like and please subscribe to my channel. You can
see the details down here on the screen. If you would like to support the making
of these videos, then please check out my patreon channel where you’ll find lots
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watching. Cheers

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