How to Draw the Effect of Distance – Depth of Field – (An Eagle and a Sailing Ship)


Hello my friends and welcome
to another Tuesday of tutorial! I am Leonardo Pereznieto and
today I want to share with you a way, a technique, on how to
make the main subject of your drawings, stand out from the rest. And we will do this as an example
by drawing an eagle. To begin, we will use graphite
powder and a chamois. I dip the chamois into the graphite
and then, first I test it on a scrap piece of paper, so as not to ruin
my good one, and then let´s apply it with horizontal motions. The reason that they are horizontal
is because, it will be a sea, and therefore any pattern left in this
direction can look like waves. Very good! Now, I will cover or mask
the upper part, which will be the sky, and I further darken just a little, the lower part. Once I lift the paper we have the sea and the sky in two different tones. And now I use a blending stump
and some graphite powder to draw a sailing boat far away. As I told you in the intro
we want to make our main subject stand out. We will do this in two ways: the first one is by contrast
of tones or values. In something that is close-by, we can see that the black is black and the whites
are whites, while things far away become less intense. The blacks are not anymore
real blacks and neither are the whites. Everything appears on a
gray value scale. And the second effect
that we will use, is that things far away… …look slightly blurry
at the edges, they have soft edges. Also because we look
at them through the atmosphere. And that is why I drew the ship
with the blending stump, which leaves soft edges. In contrast I´m drawing a close by
eagle with a mechanical pencil. The idea, as you can guess,
is to draw it with sharp edges and making the blacks ¨black¨ and the whites ¨white¨. With all of this, it should stand out
from the rest. We drew the upper part of the wings,
the head and the legs as a sketch and now we fill in more detail. By the way, it is very important
when drawing with this technique of the graphite powder, that
you do not touch the paper with your hand or your fingers
before or after you apply it, because it will ruin it. As you saw I pulled some whites
by erasing the areas, and now to deliver the blacks, I want to use the softer and darker graphite there is, which is a 9B lead. I have this on a lead holder. The whole list of materials is
in the description below the video. And I recommend fixing the drawing
with a spray fixactive, as soon as you finish it. So that this doesn`t smear
if you place another paper on top of it, or something like that. I hate it when that happens! And I´m back to the mechanical pencil,
to work on the fine detail. It is very important that you consider
doing this type of things, to make your subject stand out in your drawings. That will communicate a lot
better the idea of space and distance and will make your drawings
more powerful. I keep working the details with the
mechanical pencil and with the eraser. Since we originally give a gray tone
to the whole paper with the graphite powder, for the areas that I need
white, I simply erase it exposing the paper. Very good! ¡Excelente! It´s ready! If you enjoyed please give it a
LIKE! share it to your friends and subscribe to Fine Art-Tips
and to Patreon. You know where to follow me
the links are below. And I will see you
on Tuesday 😉 Subtitled by Grethel Trejo

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