How to draw/shade a realistic face Part 1 | Step by Step Drawing Tutorial


Hi everyone, Here is another tutorial for you..I am using
graphite pencils and later on I will also use a charcoal pencil. I’ll put a full list of materials under
the video. For the sketch I first traced over the basic
outlines so I could get started with the shading and now I’m just going over the sketch with
an HB mechanical pencil so the outline is visible for you before I start shading… First I’ll be Drawing with these 3 graphite
pencils. When I shade with graphite pencils I always
build up the layers gradually and I start with the lightest, the 5b.. I shade with light pressure and as always
I draw in small sections so i can focus on one section at a time. When I shade I pay attention to the reference
photo to see where the shadows and where the highlights are. If you want to draw something realistic you
need to create different values. After the first layer I blend with a blending
stump. Now with light pressure I go over the first
layer with the next pencil.. Now the next layer again with light pressure.. Because the eyebrow is darker I start with
the 7b after every layer I smudge the graphite. Here Im using the graphite thats still on
the stump to shade For the darkest shading I use the black pencil..
this black pencil that I am using is oil based and doesn’t always blend that well. since I am using toned paper I noticed later
on that this black pencil isn’t really that black on camera.. Because I wanted to create really dark shadows
I am going to try using charcoal later on.. I actually try to darken this eye later on
with the charcoal but the charcoal wont go over the graphite and the oil based pencil. Of course its up to you to use what you want
or the materials you have but after figuring out how charcoal works I would recommend using
charcoal if you want to create dark shadows and if you are also going to use toned paper. I actually tried a charcoal pencil before
but I couldn’t sharpen it without crumbling or breaking so I didn’t use it anymore…I
recently bought another brand and I could sharpen this one with my regular sharpener
so I thought Id give charcoal another try. I feel like I can draw more precise with the
graphite pencils.. but the charcoal is great for darker shading because I couldn’t find
any really black pencil that was dark enough to create a good contrast that makes the drawing
pop. Also with charcoal you can get very dark value
without that shininess you get with graphite Im also going to try using charcoal on other
paper because I’m not really satisfied with this paper. This is grey recycled paper and I feel like
it’s not thick enough to hold all of these layers. This is the charcoal pencil I am using. and now I notice that I can’t go over the
grafite with the charcoal. So now I try to darken some more using the
black pencil For the other eye I do the same..I build up
the layers with the graphite pencils and darken with the black pencil. If you are using graphite pencils you can
shade this way or if you are using charcoal you would define the shadows first. I will shade the nose using charcoal so then
you will see what I mean. You see how I use the blending stump to shade
the midtones with the graphite thats already on the stump. Even though you traced over some basic outlines
you can’t trace every detail and maybe sometimes you will loose some lines after shading. I normally use my pencil or like now the stump
because thats what I was using. I measure like this from where the eyes are
to define where the shadow under the eye and above the eye will be.. I also do this when I want to check if the
proportions are still correct…I do this along the way off camera.. You could also use a ruler but its important
to check this when you are drawing the eyes.later when you are drawing the nose and lips because
you don’t want your proportions to be off.. and notice this when you are almost done with
the portrait..The correcting you need to do will be more difficult then. I use the kneaded eraser to gently pull up
some of the graphite. The knead eraser is great to use if you just
want to lighten rather than fully erase. It’s also great because you can mold it
into any shape and make a very sharp point for small areas. When I need to fully erase I use the pencil
eraser. Never press to hard when you erase because
you don’t want to damage the paper. Also make sure to clean the pencil eraser
in between otherwise you will be smudging instead of erasing. When drawing eyebrows I build up the layers
shading in the same directing as the hairs are growing. on top of the eyebrow you will see some loose
hairs. I use a clean soft tissue when I want to smudge
evenly and because there isn’t any graphite on like on the stump it wont darken but just
smudge. I start drawing the lashes with the graphite
pencil and later I darken them with the black pencil. I always draw lashes in layers because some
are darker and some are lighter where the light hits. I use the white acrylic marker for the brightest
highlights in the eye. You could leave this white if you are drawing
on white paper but because I smudge a lot I like to use the white marker to get the
highlight really bright. Now for the other highlights where the light
hits the face I use the white charcoal pencil because I am drawing on toned paper. If I drew this on white paper I would just
leave those parts white. Once the paint is dry I can go over the highlight
with some graphite thats on the stump to make it a bit less bright To shade evenly I hold the pencil more to
the back and shade with the side of the pencil led and always with light pressure. Now I use the soft tissue to smudge this evenly. I smudge around the white charcoal..You could
smudge gently over the white charcoal if you think its to bright.. For the nose I decided to use the charcoal
pencil to see how that goes. I start with light pressure and I don’t
shade over the parts that will be lighter. I will define where the shadows will be and
then shade with the blending stump for the midtones. You could also use a small brush to smudge
and blend the charcoal but I like to have more control and the blending stumps have
a sharp point so I like to use these. I also have different sizes of these. With a lighter graphite pencil I shade the
midtones for an even layer. If i compare the eye to the shadow under the
nose.. the eye needs to be a bit darker I try to darken this eye some more but I couldn’t
really layer over the graphite and black pencil any more.. Also you can see the shininess from the graphite
coming through..you don’t see that with the charcoal. At this point I actually wanted to start over
and just start with charcoal so I could darken the eye but then I thought Ill just continue
and see how I can go from here..because I want you to be able to follow my art journey
and that means through trial and error.. If i don’t show the error you wont be able
to learn from it like I do.. I start shading the cheek with a light graphite
pencil. I hold the pencil more to the back and shade
with light pressure. I’m defining where the shadow of the cheek
bone will be. And for a smooth effect I smudge this with
the soft tissue. Now another layer where the skin is a bit
darker. When shading skin I always build up the layers
starting with light layers. Take your time and try to have patience while
you are drawing. If you feel like you are rushing maybe taking
a break will help. Taking a break every now and then will also
help you see any mistakes you have made. Look at your portrait as if there are all
these shapes. Like don’t think of seeing a nose or lips..
but try seeing different shapes where the light falls and the shadows cast. Look at a reference or at your own face and
study where the highlights are because of the light that hits the face and where the
shadows are because of the shape of the face that creates the shadows. Like under the nose or on one side of the
face if the light is coming from the side. There shouldn’t be any lines in your portrait
drawing. That is what will make your drawing actually
look realistic and not flat I shade with a darker graphite pencil to start
creating the shadows on the face. Now the face is starting to look round. white charcoal doesn’t of over graphite so
I use the knead eraser to lighten. and Im going to correct the nose a bit because it
didn’t look right.. After another break I saw that this eye was
too light so I’m going to darken everything a bit.. Im a bit stubborn and really wanted to darken
this so Im trying again 🙂 Because I didn’t get the nose right in the
first place I spend a lot of time correcting.. thats why its important to notice any mistakes
you made in an early stage and not when you are almost done. Now on to the forehead I start with charcoal
because if I start with the graphite I wont be able to darken as much as I want. I also use light pressure when I shade with
the charcoal pencil because I don’t want to get it very dark immediately I want to build
up the layers until Im satisfied. I smudge in between the layers to see how
it looks.. Its better to go over a couple of times to
darken then to start too dark and need to correct. With some charcoal thats still on the stump
I go over the cheekbone a bit to darken I didn’t shade on this part of the fore head
because its where the light hits so I’m going to brighten the highlight with white
charcoal then I smudge around it with the soft tissue
so there aren’t any lines. and later on I will go over it a bit with
the soft tissue again when I notice its too bright. For the lips Im only going to use the charcoal
pencil and I start by defining the darker parts. For the darker shadows I use light to medium
pressure and for the midtones I use very light pressure. Using the charcoal is actually a bit faster
because with graphite I have build up the layers starting from lighter to darker graphite
pencils. With graphite pencils you have harder and
softer leds so you can shade lightly using the harder leds and shade darker with the
softer leds.. When using charcoal you only have one pencil
so this requires some different techniques. Its actually the other way around.. with graphite
pencils Id start lightly, build up the layers gradually to create the shadows. With charcoal I define the shadows first and
then smudge the charcoal to create the midtowns.. Then I use the kneaded eraser or pencil eraser
to create the highlights. For the brighter highlights I use the white
charcoal pencil and the brightest highlights with the acrylic marker. if the highlight
is too light I gently shade over it with the dirty blending stump. When I film I use to soft box day light lamps
one on the left and one on the right.. so I don’t have to depend on the daylight from
outside.. Now after using more charcoal you can really
see the difference. You can see the graphite shine on the eye
on the left now.. With charcoal you wont have that shine… Now the difference between the kneaded eraser
and the pencil eraser is I use the kneaded eraser to pick up most of the graphite to
lighten where I want to.. and I use the pencil eraser where I want to erase small details. There isn’t really much of difference though
but because the tip of the pencil eraser is harder you will have more control then with
the knead eraser. For the tutorials I usually put the speed
on 2 because otherwise the videos will be too long and I think this is slow enough to
follow along. You can also pause the video when you need
to.. So if you are wondering how long a drawing
took me that usually would be twice as long as the video. I’m using the white acrylic marker for the
brightest highlights on the lips. The white charcoal doesn’t go well over graphite
or charcoal and this goes over everything. Once the paint is dry I gently go over it
with the dirty stump to make the highlights a little less bright. I don’t smudge but dab over it. After another break Im correcting the shadow
of the cheekbone a bit because it needs to be lower. You see that I take some of the charcoal from
here and use it to smudge. If I want to darken I just add some graphite with
light pressure. I smudge a lot with the soft tissue because
I want to make sure I have a smooth transition between the different values. For the ear I also start with defining the
shadows. and I shade a lot using the blending stump. Now for the midtones I use the graphite pencil Now I blending everything with the soft tissue
and this make its look flat. So I go back and darken the shadows and I
will create the highlights with the kneaded eraser. Here you see how it looks without the light
reflecting. You see that only the graphite is shiny but
the charcoal looks the same. Im definitely going to be using charcoal for
the dark shadows from now on. After using a charcoal pencil for the first
time I actually really like it.. It works faster, it smudges really well, it
erases really well, you can create really dark value and you don’t get that graphite
shine. The only thing is that you cant get a very
sharp tip as with the graphite pencils so if you are drawing a small portrait it will
be more difficult to create the small details. But I actually never draw really small portraits
because the bigger the drawing the more details. I want to get this shadow really black so
I go over it multiple times. Just adding some final details. I always find it difficult to call it finished
I often keep on correcting and adding details. Well thats it for this tutorial this is part
1 and .. I will show how I draw the hair in the next video. I hope you have learned something and don’t
hesitate to ask me any questions. Thanks for watching!

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