Drain Waste And Vent Line Installing (And Design!)


anybody can glue two pieces of pipe
together PVC anybody true but not so true gluing pipe together is one thing the
theory of plumbing is another if you don’t understand the theory of how
plumbing works you can’t just glue two pieces of pipe
together you got to know the order that they go in and what took particular
fitting needs to go where and the most important thing is how its VIN it
gravity is the biggest thing that we can count on in the draining system gravity
anything that goes up must come down that’s not always the case in a waste
system in order for the waste and water in the pipe to flow freely you have to
have air and that’s when the vent plays a big part event is just no more than a
well let’s say you imagine this you have a straw in your cup and you have a drink
of water now before you pull the straw out you
take your thumb and you put it over the end of the straw so when you pull the
straw up the water is still in the straw why is that because there’s no air in
the straw soon as you release the top of that straw the air the water will come
shooting out that’s the same process of the plumbing system if you don’t have a
vent you won’t have effective drainage system hello my name is Claude Taylor
and welcome to the how to plumbing channel and don’t forget if you like
this video this channel give it a thumbs up and become a subscriber don’t miss
out on the next video hit that notification bell thank you okay now we’re starting to get to the
good part we’re starting to get to a nice juicy part installing the plumbing
waste lines and what you see that I’m doing here is I’m starting to lay out my
lines I know where the holes are above me and we’re at exactly where I’m going
because the hole has been drilled out already so what I’m doing here is laying
the fittings out in the areas that I’m going to stop and the type of fittings
I’m going to use and it’s going to make it easy for me to remember what is next and here a lot of the fittings and what
I normally do is just throw them out and I could pick right through them instead
of going through a box just lay them out on the floor and this is where the
laundry is gonna go and this is the laundry box it is a PEX laundry box made
for PEX pipe only and let me correct that not only just PEX pipe but open or
PEX pipe and that hole up there needs to be drilled up for the event I do have a
guy that’s somewhat give me a hand on this job because I don’t have the time
to make it back and forth this job easily as I need to at the time because
I work so far away this is gonna be the icebox
this is gonna be behind the frigerator that’s gonna be installed on that wall and you can see the old plumbing here
actually again this house has been raised twelve feet in the air and all
the plumbing upstairs are going to be exactly where the plumbing was
downstairs so that’s what you’re looking at is the old tub where the old tubs
used to be right there you see that hole that’s where this pea trap is going to
be set up at right there and again as I said I lay my pieces out so I’ll know
exactly where to go and what fittings I need to be
use where I’m at and as I was saying before I do have a
guy just give me a hand on this he’s actually working on a job full-time and
I had my own full time job which is like 40 miles away so I’m coming here when I
have my time that I can get in here and do what I need to do so he’s cutting the
holes out for me and what we’re looking at now that’s the old plumbing system
you see how I was directly lined up with the columns so that was not gonna be a
be reused but is good now we have a totally new system that’s where the old
another tub used to be downstairs you can see how I have the fittings laid out
I know when I come right there what’s gonna catch right here and right here
so always rather than always looking up all I have to do is look at the next
fitting and I know what’s next and this is gonna be used for the toilet upstairs
you can see this toilet is actually exactly in the same line with the one
upstairs so I can actually use that one as a measurement rather than running up
and down the steps and right here okay what we’re looking at here is two PVC 92
3-inch one is a short pattern 90 and the other one is a long sweep they call it
long sweep 90 the long sweep we’re gonna use in the system any pipe that’s going
vertical to horizontal and the short pattern we’re going to use from
horizontal to vertical the long pattern 90 is because it’s long and we use it in
that position we still have a long nice change of direction which will sweep the
flush away the only exception that we will use the short pattern 90 when it’s
going from vertical to horizontal is directly from the toilet itself soon as
the toilet flush it’s going to go right into that short pattern and this is a three and 45 and the other
one is a three-inch street 45 the street 45 is designed to go in a fitting it’s
got a hub on one end and no hub on the other so that it can go inside a fitting
giving you a closer fit just in case you’re in a tight area and on this
application I’m gonna use it as a combination with what we call a
combination suite this here is a three-inch why so what I’m going to do
is glue the street 45 into this 3 inch wire and it’s going to make a
combination it’s going to be called it’s a called a change of direction fitting
once we’re done because when the system is going through its flushing this is
gonna allow it to change directions and go where we need to go and there’s a joke that we have in the
plumbing industry when you buy a can of primer and clue buy two cans of each one
to kick over and one to use never fails now we’re pushing the street 90 inside
and we’re gonna line it up right there you can see the notches line right up
and that’s gonna give us that’s gonna get us exactly where we need to go and
this is gonna go up in the air and one is coming through the main system and
then one is going to catch something else at all it and the way we take our measurements we
either go from n to n or Center to n or a Center to Center
meaning Center one pipe to the center the other pipe right here you can see on
measurements right up to that hub there so that’s going to be a in measurement
so that’s Center to end in the center of this 90 and that measurement so what I’m
going to do is that measurement came up to what 10 so now I’ll go back to this
hub right here and it’s lined up with the 6 so my measurements going to be 6
inches and there’s a more technical way of doing it but sometimes the in
technical can be very slow and slow you down if you want to sit and stop and
take out your pen and pencil write things down and measurements there’s
little tricks that you can do with the measuring tape that eliminate a lot of
that and save you a lot of time and I’m market like that like an arrow
so that I know exactly the middle now I do have a chop saw where I can cut this
a lot faster but the guy that has keys for the house right now it’s not here
with the to unlock the electrical box so I have nothing to plug it into so what
I’m going to do is use the PVC saw and like I said from this and then we’re
gonna remove the burst from here my job is quite a ways from this place and my
home is and I’ve got here before the guy could show up but I’m not gonna let that
slow me down I will continue to work and do what I need to do until he can get
here do what I can and that’s one thing about plumbing is you learn to work it
backwards and forward because there are a lot of times if you don’t you’re not
gonna always have the things exactly what you need but you can’t let that
stop you so you continue on until you get things you need and things work out
great and this is going to be for the the
toilet at the far end and see I’m measuring from the center of
that Pike to the center of the elbow to see if I actually lined up pretty good
so now before I glue this piece together and I leveled the 90 you seen earlier I
was leveling the 90 and it came out the levels nice and straight so now I want
to mark exactly where I want the two pieces to be clued so that when I glue
it together it’s in place where it needs to be and if you watch the video close
you’ll notice that a lot of the work that I do is actually on the ground
before I can lift it up and put it in place because there’s a lot easier to
work with it when you have an open area and you have it down on the ground than
to climb up and down the ladder constantly measuring and gluing if you
can do it as much as you can on the ground that’s great it makes it a lot
easier and what I’m doing right now just kind
of eyeballing exactly where this is going to go and it’s gonna go right here this is actually close to the end of the
run of the drainage waste pipe before it goes into the ground and ties it to the
outside drain and the this is the PVC pipe that I’m
using this is the foam core which is a lot it’s lighter than the the other PVC
schedule 40 it’s also they’re both also schedule 40 it’s just that the foam core
is much lighter and foam core you want to use inside and the other stuff you do
want to use in the ground if your plumbing in the ground okay you can see
that I kind of made my pre made my piece up before I just take it up in air and
stick it in place and glue it all the fittings have been glued on most of them
and glued on down on the ground where it’s easy to get to easy access and now
all I have to do is just glue in one piece from the ladder so I’ll just take
this whole piece up and bam there it is it’s glued in I took all my measurements
off the ground and just put it up in the air there’s two holes that you see there
one is for the vent the other is for the toilet okay I took it back down and this time I
put it I actually glued it in and I put the level on it you always always keep
this torpedo level is what they call it a torpedo level keep it in your back
pocket because you’re gonna constantly use it when you’re running these pipes
these waste systems and now you can see I have my combination fitting which is a
3-inch sanitary tee with a 2 inch side outlet on the right hand side you can
buy one that’s left-handed so if you looking for one of these you acts for a
sanitary tee with a two inch side outlet left hand or right hand and again I am
trying to piece as much of it on the ground as I can so I am I do have it in
place to take some measurements and line it up and that’s just all that we’re shooting
for you can see the tallit flange up there and as always if you have any questions
please feel free to leave your comments below and I will do my best to answer
any question that you might have in regards plumbing of course in this video I will be going back and
forth back and forth this is this the process just about complete but we’re
going to go back from the beginning in the middle and we’re gonna go back and
forth to try to keep you abreast of what’s going on this is a the other
toilet that I made up kind of on the ground made all my measurements up down
here and now I have to piece it together and correct the measurements I check the
measurements and again this helps me line up the fitting where I know where
it needs to go now the hangers that you see holding the
pipes up in place these are just a few hangers when you’re using PVC pipe the
requirements is to have a hanger every four feet so there will be additional
hangers at it once before this job’s completed these are the hangers that are
placed right now just to do what we need to do and get as much done as we can as
quick as we can because coming back that’s the easy part
panic and hangers would be really easy okay now we’re upstairs and you see this
is the one toilet at the end of the line that we tie it into and it will vent out
through the roof once a hole is drilled there and this is the tub the shower this I
installed this about a week or so back yeah and this is the kitchen sink and of
course there’s the vent going out again we’re not going through the roof yet
actually we’re gonna have to wait for a roofer to come so that he can take the
put the roof flashing on the roof before we can go out there and install the pipe
we’re not gonna go out there gonna have a roofer do it and this is being set up for the
waterlines if you remember the old video and this is the young guy that was that
I was actually training he’s not exactly a Picasso with the glue and primer but
uh he’s gonna be a really good plumber and this you can notice this is drilled
actually outside the wall but we’re going to use to we’re gonna use a
Internet two-inch street 45 and a regular 45 and get it right back into a
wall and the reason that is because just below that wall right there was the
floor joist and we didn’t want to drill into the floor joist right at the end
where it was it’s a vulnerable spot so we just so when the cabinets are put in
it’ll cover that up and this is a 2 by inch and a half sanitary teeth I could
have went with a inch and a half vent but uh this just makes it easier to kind
of simplify the plumbing this is going to pick up a bathroom sink and all
bathroom sinks is gonna be anywhere from inch and a quarter to inch and a half
nowadays mostly inch and a half that was back in the day they did use inch and a
quarter and it will be adapted to fit the p-trap
up underneath later okay like like I said we’re gonna go back and forth back
and forth with this video there’s the tub in place but it’s not
connected to the drainage system this is the vent for the toilet or here in this
area here and that’s the vent over there for the like I said my help is not exactly
Picasso with the glue and the primer I have to chuckle a little bit he’ll get
it I can tell we’re gonna go through some glue and primer in this job okay
now that’s done and this is the vent going out and again that holes drill
already but the vents not going to be installed till the roofers come out and
all you see all we have to do is just stick a straight piece up there and let
the roofer install the flashing around the pipe and that’s going to be the vent for the
for the tub okay there’s laundry in place and
there’s the water lines and this is the drain and waste system for the laundry
now on the water lines I’m not going to cover the water lines in this video but
I do have a video that’s exactly like this one’s ran the xmax is the same
house but it was the house below and when it was on the ground so you can go
back and check that video out and I’ll leave a description in the description
box so that you can find that video the tub is not tied in but it wasn’t tight
in because the tub wasn’t there at the time that I ran that pipe okay let me let you know what’s going on
right here this is the probably the busiest section of the pipe right here
this here from below the p-trap that you see is going to catch the condensation
coming off of the AC unit which is right above this here and the next pike you
see going straight up is the vent for that p-trap so they have to be vented
and the two-inch going across the long way is going all the way over about 15
feet to catch the kitchen sink upstairs and that’s going to be in Bennet on top
of that and again to remind you there will be
more hangers up here PVC pipe you need to brace it at least every four feet and
of course I have to put a brace right there with that elbow is going up to
catch the kitchen sink right here and again on this spot we tried to drill
a hole in the back part so we could keep it into the wall but that wouldn’t gonna
work out because right below it was the floor joist and we couldn’t interrupt
the integrity of that so we drilled the hole right outside and we’re gonna
forty-five it in and the vanity will cover all that up okay again on the
first floor before this floor was added and the house was raised twelve feet
this is the plumbing that was there and it’s the exact same plumbing that’s
going to be above us or should I say it’s going to be the exact same layout
and this here is the p-trap and this will be for the tub above us directly
above us and the smaller piece that you see me slipping in the inside this being
a two-inch p-trap the tub is only inch and a half so we’re gonna reduce that
part down to inch and a half right there two guys dug and that’s where the other
tub is gonna be and that’s where this pea trap is gonna set along with
sanitary teeth with the caster’s drain and vent the tub at the same time and just like the we talk about tub
directly above this is exactly where the toilet is going to be so what I’m doing
here rather than running up and down the steps is I’m going to take my
measurements off the one that’s down here because I know it’s going to line
right up with one upstairs and earlier before I actually started
laying this stuff out and I pulled my laser out the truck and just kind of
played with it to give you an idea if you a lot of times on commercial jobs
you’re gonna use the laser like this one here so that I can actually visualize
exactly where my line is gonna go I’ll just put the laser and follow the red
laser line as you can see there you see the red laser line and that’s going to
keep me aligned exactly where I need to go and I can go up there and take
measurements off those lines but I don’t expect most people that it’s gonna do a
house to have one of these it’s just something I’m playing with a little bit
of ski using some information on the video about the laser work it really
comes in handle handy and a lot of commercial jobs so what I actually did is I went up
there to commencement off that beam from the middle of the beam to the laser and
that’s how I got my measurement and that’s how I knew where I wanted to be
with the drain right down this wall here and this was one evening I came back and
I just installed the tub and shower faucets I made those up at home and
brought them out to just set them in place and they’re gonna be set for the
showerhead is gonna be set at six foot six six foot six is the standard ruffian
measurement for a tub and shower valve and this is a measurement that I’m
taking Center to Center for the toilet upstairs so once I get the center to
center mark rather than sitting there doing it on paper all I have to do is
just take the measurements off the fitting itself but with a little trick
using the measuring tape so I already know that the measurement is from Center
to Center and I just need to measure from the fit
at the center of the fitting to the hub and take that amount off and that’ll
give me my measurement of the type that I need to cut to fit in here and what I
did is marked on the floor of 23 and a quarter inches and now I’m going to take
my fittings and set them to the center as you can see to the center of that
line that mark right there and the sanitary tee to the Senate to the center
of this fitting right here now all I have to do is measure from hub to hub
inside to inside up and there my measurement is let’s look like sweat 17 15 and 16 to
3/4 nope 17 17 and before I glue anything in
downstairs I usually most plumbers are gonna we’re gonna screw the toilet
flange down to the floor and you can see the pieces that I put in there it’s
these are the pieces that’s gonna make up for the towel or backer board that’s
going to be on the ground so kind of lifting the toilet flange up a little
bit so that’ll keep it in place so when the towel guy comes around be set okay
now this is a piece that I made up downstairs so that didn’t have to go up
and down the ladder and this is gonna be for that toilet and a long 2-inch piece
that you’re looking at it’s going to be the vent that goes out and up and
through the roof so now that I have it in one piece I can just slide it up in
place glue it into the closet flange let it hold and it’s gonna be set for now
there’s the two inch vent hole in the 3-inch
toilet drain okay I’ve come upstairs to make sure I checked to see how it’s
lined up and you can see how easy that was I didn’t have to sit there on the
ladder and try to piece things together okay I’m leaving this part in the video
just to give you an idea of what you would have to do you know working on a
particular house like this or anything like this look all these steps I have to
go up and down so it only makes sense to try to fit everything downstairs as much
as you can to keep yourself from running up and down the steps and that’s exactly
what I’m trying to do here is make my cuts make my fittings put everything
together slip it up in place I am going on top just to check every now and then
but I don’t have to go up and down as much because I could do as much as I can
down here now since I’m working on this job by
myself today right here and right now sometimes you have to improvise so what
I’ve done is have of course I prefab the piece and then I set it in one hanger so
that all I have to do is go to the other hanger lift it up and place it in and
it’s done deal and like I said always keep the torpedo level in your back
pocket because we’re going to every now and then which is quite often we’re
going to need that level to make sure it’s our pipe that we have the right
proper pitch on there and there we go we have the nice pitch where it’s pitching
the way that we want it to go and it doesn’t take that much of a pitch you
may think to yourself the more of a pitch it has wouldn’t that make it
better from the flow of the waste and water to wash things away that’s not
exactly true because once you have too much of a pitch there chances are that
if there’s a spot there that really needs to be flushed away it’s not going
to go away because the momentum of the water is going to go rough right pass
and then eventually you have a spot to where it could possibly build up and
clog so the best thing to do is keep just a small gradual pitch and that way
it keeps enough water in the system that whatever debris or whatever is there
it’ll keep it soak nice and wet so that when the flush through come
through and we’ll wash it away and again I’ll mention it throughout
this video you see you notice the hangers up there I don’t have many
hangers and that’s only because I’m trying to just get it in place for now
and I will come back and put other hangers in but on PVC pipe you want them
supported every four feet it’s just something you could keep in mind and here’s the chop saw I was talking
about earlier the other guy showed up so I was able to get Powell in here so that
I can use chop saw it’s a lot faster than cutting it by hand and it’s going
to be a lot straighter and almost jobsites this what you’re going to see
your son is using to cut the PVC pipe and now again what I’m doing here is
just kind of piecing things together again I’m gonna put as much together
down on the ground as I can but there are times where I will need to get up on
the ladder to get some other measurements but this stretch I’ll put
the pieces in and be able to just lift it up and put it in place and not have
to do too much gluing up top okay I’ve got that piece in and levelled it and
I’m also checking the level on the drain coming from the toilet okay now I have my straight piece in
together and it’s all straight I am going to come back and cut into that
pipe so that I can go ahead over and catch the tub and the sink the kitchen
the bathroom sink upstairs but at least now I have it lined up nice and even the
way I want it and you’ll see this throughout the video
a lot also because I’m constantly going back and forth to see if things line up
and trying to catch anything that I see wrong before we go too far so I’m
constantly checking you and you should do the same and at the end of here just
run here you can see that I put a clean-out this is because it’s such a
long run and in the future if they have any stoppage or anything like that
they can just run a sewer machine or a cable and pull that cap and run it
through there okay came back and I cut it into the line cut
a new spot into the line as I said before and this is going over to catch
the tub and the bathroom sink upstairs now these are the blueprints to three
houses that are being built one thing to keep in mind it’s just going to give us
a top view of where the toilets and face bowls and the tubs are going to be it’s
nothing like a that you would find in a commercial blueprint drawing a lot of
the residential blueprint drawing the plumber goes in and electrician and
heating and cooling guy we are the ones that design the plumbing system the HVAC
system and the electrical system in a home but when it comes to a commercial
those are designed by architects and engineers but on a home since it’s so
basic it’s so simple because a lot of times we have to modify things and make
things we make it happen so the plumbing that you see in this system here is a
something I designed in my head and made adjustments when needed and develop to develop a plumbing system
like this it takes years of practice and I’ve been doing it over 30 plus years so
you’re looking at a lot of years of practice doing this stuff and as I was saying at the beginning of
video yes anyone can glue two pieces of pipes and pipe fittings together but to
know why you’re doing what you’re doing that’s the trick that’s the key to
putting this all together and this is the whole wall that we made
so that we can go outside and tie it into the pipe outside because remember
we couldn’t tie it into the one inside because the pier and beams are all in
the way so we had to make a new connection outside and again which was
for the best because we didn’t have to deal with that old plumbing system
that’s up under the slab no telling what kind of condition it might be in so we
have access to all new drain and waste lines and we’ll go outside here to see
where it’s tied in and we’ve installed a clean-out at this
end also because now that it’s going into the main there’s a stoppage between
the street and here we can clear that line from there now from outside here you can see that
it’s offset over and where that clean-out is in right behind that wall
is exactly where the peering beams are and that’s the reason we had to do it
the way we did it again I’m Claude Taylor thanks for
watching if you liked the video give it a thumbs up you like the channel give it
a thumbs up and become a subscriber and don’t forget to hit that notification
button so that you don’t miss any new videos coming out thank you

One Comment

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *