2020 NASA Glenn University Student Design Challenge – Aeronautics Challenge I


[ MUSIC ]>>HI, I’M CHARLES SHEEHE, A COMPUTER ENGINEER AT NASA GLENN RESEARCH CENTER IN CLEVELAND, OHIO. THE EVOLUTION OF UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS, OR UASs, IS TRANSFORMING THE AERONAUTICS INDUSTRY AND PLACING INCREASING DEMANDS ON OUR NATIONAL AIRSPACE. NASA GLENN IS WORKING TO PROVIDE SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVE SAFETY AND ADDRESS COMMUNICATION CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH THIS TRANSFORMATION. AS PART OF OUR 2020 UNIVERSITY STUDENT DESIGN CHALLENGE, WE’RE INVITING YOU TO DESIGN A LOW-POWER, AUTOMATIC-DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE BROADCAST SYSTEM, OR ADSB, FOR SMALL, UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS. BECAUSE OF THEIR LOW COST AND EASE OF OPERATION AND FLEXIBILITY, UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS ARE BEING UTILIZED FOR MANY NEW AND SCIENTIFIC AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS. SCIENTISTS EMPLOY UASs TO SURVEY HABITATS AND MONITOR SEVERE WEATHER. THESE SYSTEMS ARE ALSO USED TO DELIVER SUPPLIES AND SURVEY DAMAGE IN AREAS THAT ARE DIFFICULT TO ACCESS AS WELL AS ASSIST LAW ENFORCEMENT AND AID IN THE SEARCH-AND-RESCUE OPERATIONS, MINIMIZING RISK TO PERSONNEL AND EQUIPMENT. HOWEVER, SAFE, SECURE, RELIABLE, AND WELL-INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN THESE VEHICLES IS VITAL AS THESE NUMBERS GROW. ADVANCES IN AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY WILL BE IMPLEMENTED IN SMALL AND LARGE-SCALE UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES. THIS MAKES INTERCONNECTIVITY WITH EACH OTHER OR SENSE-AND-AVOID COMMUNICATIONS CRITICAL TO THE UAS TRAFFIC CONTROL. THIS TECHNOLOGY WILL BE CAPABLE OF SENDING AND RECEIVING LARGE AMOUNTS OF VITALLY IMPORTANT DATA. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS CHALLENGE IS TO BUILD A ROBUST, LARGE-BANDWIDTH, AUTOMATIC-DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE BROADCAST SYSTEM, OR ADSB, WITH MINIMAL MASS AND POWER CONSUMPTION. YOUR SYSTEM SHOULD INCLUDE TRANSMISSION AUTHENTICATION FOR DETECT-AND-AVOID COMMUNICATIONS OF NEARBY VEHICLES, CALL GROUPING, AND RELAYING OF MESSAGES, SUFFICIENT SIGNAL STRENGTH FOR RAIN OR FOG OPERATIONS, AND INTERACTIVITY WITH EXISTING TRAFFIC SYSTEMS. THINK ABOUT HOW YOUR SYSTEM WILL WORK. HOW OFTEN WILL IT TRANSMIT THE HEADING, ALTITUDE, AND SPEED OF YOUR UAS? WHICH BANDWIDTH DO YOUR ADSB USE TO SEND AND RECEIVE DATA? CAN YOUR SYSTEM USE WEATHER DATA TO AUTONOMOUSLY BOOST SIGNAL STRENGTH? HOW WILL YOUR UAS RECEIVE TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS? HOW WILL IT REACT? AND WHAT TECHNOLOGY WILL YOU USE FOR SELF-SEPARATION FROM OTHER AERIAL VEHICLES. ARE YOU READY TO DESIGN YOUR ADSB SYSTEM? NASA’S 2020 UNIVERSITY STUDENT DESIGN CHALLENGE GIVES TEAMS OF FULL-TIME JUNIOR AND SENIOR UNDERGRADUATES THE OPPORTUNITY TO WORK WITH TOP NASA EXPERTS IN CREATING SOLUTIONS FOR REAL-LIFE NASA CHALLENGES. STUDENTS ON YOUR TEAM WILL NATURALLY COME FROM SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATIC BACKGROUNDS. HOWEVER, INCLUDING INDIVIDUALS FROM ECONOMICS, MARKETING, GRAPHIC ARTS, AND OTHER AREAS CAN STRENGTHEN YOUR CONCEPTS AND MAY RESULT IN A BETTER DESIGN. AN EXPERT FROM NASA GLENN RESEARCH CENTER WILL ALSO ADVISE YOUR TEAM AS IT IMMERSES ITSELF IN NASA-RELATED RESEARCH FROM PHYSICISTS, CHEMISTS, NOISE CONTROL EXPERTS, PROPULSION ENGINEERS, AND DATA ANALYSIS AND POWER SYSTEM EXPERTS. FOR A COMPLETE LIST OF PROJECT REQUIREMENTS, BE SURE TO VISIT US ON THE CHALLENGE WEBSITE. I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO SEEING YOUR TEAMS’ CONCEPTS OF A LOW-POWER ADSB FOR SMALL, UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS. THANKS FOR BEING PART OF THE NASA TEAM, AND GOOD LUCK. [ MUSIC ]

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